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Emmanuel Bénard

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  • PhD in Aerodynamics (“Transition of attachment-line boundary layer in hypersonic regime” ; under Prof. T. Alziary de Roquefort),
  • MSc Res. (DEA) in Aerodynamics and Fluid Mechanics (“Redesign of the large low speed wind tunnel of ENSMA”), Faculty of Science, University of Poitiers, France. 1991.
  • BSc (Maitrise) in Fundamental Mechanics, Faculty of Science, University of Lille I, France. 1990.


  • Associate Professor in Department of Aerospace Vehicles Design and Control at ISAE. January 2016 - present
  • Associate Professor in Department of Aerodynamics, ISAE, Toulouse, france. September 2010 - 2015
  • Senior Lecturer in Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Glasgow, UK. July 2007 – August 2010,
  • Lecturer in School of Aeronautical Engineering, The Queen’s University of Belfast, UK. September 1998 –July 2007,
  • Postdoctoral Research Associate, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Trinity College, Ireland. Experimental investigation of natural convection around horizontal cylinder. September 1997-September 1998,
  • Teaching Associate (ATER), Departement of Aerodynamics, ENSMA, France. In charge of second and third year tutorials and demonstrations. September 1996 - September 1997,
  • Research Assistant, CEAT, ENSMA – University of Poitiers, France. Experimental study of attachment-line transition in hypersonic regime. September 1992-September 1995.

Research Interests

Dr Benard’s current research areas are in Aircraft Design (since 2016) & Applied Aerodynamics (since 1990). From 2010 to 2016, I was involved in Micro Aerial Vehicle (J.-M. Moschetta’s group) and in Unsteady Aerodynamics. Beyond those two research directions he has published papers in the areas of Compressible flows, Applied Aerodynamics, Convective Heat transfer, Flow/ Boundary Layer Manipulation, Multiphase flows (see below and full publications list).

Aircraft Design

Within the Aircraft Design research group, Dr Benard co-supervised or is supervising four thesis :

  • "Exploration of sizing and optimization priorities in Aircraft Design with application to a Blended Wing Body with Distributed Electric Propulsion", Alessandro Sgueglia (CEDAR I & ONERA funding), under the co-supervision of Joseph Morlier. See full summary, here

Micro Aerial Vehicle (MAV)

Within the MAV research group, Dr Benard co-supervised three thesis :

  • “Long Endurance Flight by Dynamic Soaring”, Vincent Bonnin (DGA funded), under the co-supervision of C.A. Toomer.Jean-Marc Moschetta is also ISAE supervisor. This project is loosely related to the RTRA supported programme, Smartwing. See full thesis, here
  • “Aerodynamic and structural performance of flexible rotor for MAVs”, Peng Lv (CSC funded), under the co-supervision of Jean-Marc Moschetta. See full thesis, here
  • "Endurance Improvement of Mini UAVs Through Energy Harvestingfrom Atmospheric Gusts", Nikola Gavrilovic (Région Occitanie & Labcom funding), under the co-supervision of Jean-Marc Moschetta. See full thesis, here

Some examples of publications (see also OATA Publications)

Collaborative aircraft design

  • “A generic tool for cost estimating in aircraft design”, S. Castagne, R. Curran, A. Rothwell, M. Price, E. Benard, S. Raghunathan, Res. Eng. Design, vol. 18, pp 149-162, 2008.
  • “Identifying interfaces in engineering systems”, M. Price, J.M. Early, R. Curran, E. Benard and S. Raghunathan, AIAA Journal, Vol 44 (3), pp 529-540, 2006.

Compressible flows

  • “Effect of humidity on transonic flow”, J-C. Huang, R. Gault, E. Benard, S. Raghunathan, J. Aircraft., Vol 45 (6), pp 2092-2099, 2008.
  • “Transitional and turbulent heat transfer of swept cylinder attachment line in hypersonic flow”, E. Benard, R. K. Cooper, A. Sidorenko, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 49, pp 836-843,2006.
  • “Passive control of plume interference on slender axisymmetric bodies”, Y-K. Lee, S. Raghunathan, E. Benard, AIAA Journal, Vol 43 (8), pp 1653-1661, 2005.
  • “Plume interference effects on missile bodies”, S. Raghunathan, H.D. Kim, E. Benard, P. Mallon, R. Harrison, Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, TN, Vol 40 (1), pp 136-138, 2003.
  • “Smooth leading edge transition in hypersonic flow”, L. Gaillard, E. Benard, T. Alziary de Roquefort, Experiments in Fluids, Vol 26 (1/2), pp 169-176, 1999.
  • “Influence of roughness on attachment line boundary layer transition in hypersonic flow”, E. Benard, L. Gaillard, T. Alziary de Roquefort, Experiments in Fluids, Vol 22 (4), pp 286-291, 1997.

Applied aerodynamics (with emphasis on nacelle gas dynamics - external and internal, wing tip vortex and laminar-turbulent transition)

  • “Investigation of a trailing vortex near field by stereoscopic particle image velocimetry”, Giuni, Michea and Green, Richard B. and Benard, Emmanuel, 49th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, 04 - 07 Jan 2011, Orlando, USA. AIAA Paper 2011- ????, January 2011. [CONFERENCE]
  • “The influence of cirrus cloud on drag reduction technologies based on laminar flow”, C, Schmidt, T. Young, E. Benard, and S. Atalay, CEAS-KATnet II conference on Key Aerodynamic Technologies, Bremen, Germany, 12-14 May 2009.
  • “Comparison of conventional with compression type pylon for an underwing nacelle” , R. Devine, E. Benard, R. Cooper, R. Gault, J. Aircraft (TN), 46(1), pp 325-328, 2009.
  • “Review and experimental survey of flapped exhaust performance”, E. Benard, J.W. Watterson, R. Gault, J. Richardson, J. Aircraft (TN), 45(1), pp 349-352, 2008.
  • “Periodic transonic flow and control”, S. Raghunathan, J.M. Early, E. Benard, C. Tulita, J. Quest, The Aeronautical Journal, 112 (1127), pp 1-16, 2008.
  • “Key aerodynamic technologies for aircraft engine nacelles”, S. Raghunathan, E. Benard, J.K. Watterson, H. Yao, R. Curran, M. Price, R. Cooper, D. Riordan, A. Linton, J. Richardson, J. Tweedie, The Aeronautical Journal, pp 265-288, May 2006.
  • “Optimisation of Thrust Reverser Cascade performance using Aerodynamic and Structural Integration”, J. Butterfield, H. Yao, M. Price, E. Benard, R. Cooper, D. Monaghan, C. Armstrong, S. Raghunathan, The Aeronautical Journal, Vol 108 (1090), pp 621-628, 2004.

Convective Heat Transfer

  • “Effects of pulsation on the flow field of turbulent impinging jets”, H. Medina, E. Benard, and J. Early, AIAA 39th Fluid Dynamics Conference, San Antonio, AIAA Paper 2009-4006, 22-25 June 2009.[CONFERENCE]
  • “Passive scalar mixing enhancement in a boundary layer using a perpendicular synthetic jet”, G. Mitchell, E. Benard, V. Uruba, R.K. Cooper, IUTAM Symposium : Flow Control and MEMS, Imperial College, London, UK, Paper 117, 19-22 September 2006, in IUTAM Symposium on Flow Control and Mems, Vol 7, pp 103-109, published in 2008.
  • “Effect of pulse jet frequency on impingement heat transfer”, R. Zulkifli, E. Benard, S. Raghunathan, A. Linton, AIAA 42nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, Reno, AIAA Paper 2004-1343, January 2004. [CONFERENCE]

Flow/ Boundary layer manipulation

  • “The influence of cirrus cloud on drag reduction technologies based on laminar flow”, C, Schmidt, T. Young, E. Benard, and S. Atalay, CEAS-KATnet II conference on Key Aerodynamic Technologies, Bremen, Germany, 12-14 May 2009.
  • “Drag enhancement of aqueous electrolyte solutions in turbulent pipe flow”, E. Benard, J.J.J. Chen, A.P. Doherty, P.L. Spedding, Asia-Pac. J. Chem Eng., 2, pp 225-229, 2007.
  • “Numerical analysis of viscous incompressible ionic flow”, C. Tulita, E. Benard, S. Raghunathan, Journal of Electrostatics, 64 (7-9), pp 611-620, July 2006.
  • “Effect of regular roughness on turbulent boundary layer”, G. Kerevanian, A. Sidorenko, E. Benard, R.K. Cooper, S. Raghunathan, RAeS/CEAS Aerospace Aerodynamics Research Conference, Cambridge, Paper 62, 10-12 June 2002. [CONFERENCE]
  • “An investigation of turbulent spot propagation on the attachment-line of a swept wing”, D.P. Robinson, E. Benard, R.K. Cooper, RAeS/CEAS Aerospace Aerodynamics Research Conference, Cambridge, Paper 22, 10-12 June 2002. [CONFERENCE]
  • “Influence of vibration subsonic turbulent boundary layer”, C. Regan, E. Benard, S. Raghunathan, AIAA 40th Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, Reno, AIAA Paper 2002-0946, 2002.[CONFERENCE]

Multiphase flows (no more active)

  • “Fluid flow through a vertical to horizontal 90 degree elbow bend, III, three-phase flow”, P.L. Spedding, E. Benard, N.M. Crawford, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 32, pp 827-843, 2008.
  • “Gas–liquid two phase flow through a vertical 90 deg elbow bend”, P.L. Spedding, E. Benard, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 31, pp 761-769, 2007.
  • “Prediction of pressure drop in multiphase horizontal pipe flow”, P.L. Spedding, E. Benard, G.F. Donnelly, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 33, pp 1053-1062, 2006.
  • “Fluid flow through 90 degree bends”, P.L. Spedding, E. Benard, G.M. McNally, Developments in Chemical Engineering & Mineral Processing : The Australasian Research Journal, 12 (1/2), pp 107-128, 2004.

Teaching Activities

At ISAE (2016 – present) :

At ISAE (2010 – 2015) :

  • AE202 – Viscous flows and Turbulence – contribution : 20 hours
  • AE214 – Introduction to Wind Engineering – module coordinator
  • AE41 – Tianjin (China) – Compressible Flows – contribution : 40 hours
  • Second Year Project Coordination

At University of Glasgow (2007 – 2010) :

  • Experimental Aerodynamics 5 – 2007-present - (shared – contribution : 10 hours) [Introduction to experimental techniques : hot-wire, pressure transducers, PIV]
  • Mathematics 2X – 2007-present – Line and surface integrals, vector calculus and vector fields (20 hours)
  • Introduction to Aerodynamics 2 – 2008 – The atmosphere, aircraft architecture, fluid dynamics laws. Basic. aerodynamic models, notions of boundary layer, aerofoil, wing, and aircraft performance (30 hours)
  • Fourth Year Projects – 2007 - present – 4 students each year.

At The Queen’s University Belfast (1999 – 2007) :

  • Thermofluids 1 – 1999-2001 - Thermodynamics part (36 hours)
  • Rockets and Astronautics 4 – 2000-2001 ; Coordinator : 2000-present [new course to Aeronautical Engineering.]
  • Aerodynamics 2 – 1999 - 2007 - Compressible Flow part (36 hours) [Core of the Aerodynamics teaching. Introduction of a demonstration on supersonic flows ; portable subsonic experiments.]
  • Propulsion 2 – 2000-2002 (36 hours) ; Coordinator/lecturer : 2003-present
  • Advanced Aerodynamics 3/4 – 2000-2006 (36 hours)
  • Aeronautical Engineering 1 – 2003- 2007 - (24+ hours) ; Coordinator : 2003-now [new course to Aeronautical Engineering. Introduction to multidisciplinary engineering in the context of aircraft design.]
  • International Design Project (with TU Delft) – Stage 3 – 2003-2007 –co-coaching
  • Final Year Projects – Stage 3/4/ERASMUS– 1999-present – 4+ each year.

Administrative Duties

At ISAE (2016 – present) :

  • Aircraft Design Research Group coordinator
  • MSc MAE Admission committee (since 2011)
  • Member of ISAE board of Directors (CA, since 2020)
  • ISAE group academic representative for the Euroglider project

At ISAE (2010 – 2015) :

  • Aeroacoustic Wind Tunnel Project leader
  • Applied Aerodynamics Research Group coordinator

At University of Glasgow (2007 – 2010) :

  • Chairman of the Wind Tunnel Committee (wind tunnel schedule)
  • MSc Aeronautical Engineering coordinator (launched in 2009)
  • ERASMUS coordinator (40 incoming students ; 10 outgoing)
  • IAESTE contact point
  • Member of the Research Committee
  • Summer Internship Scheme : organisation of internships for French students (4 in 2007, 5 in 2008).
  • Internal PhD. Examiner (once in 2008)
  • External PhD Examiner (once in 2009)

At The Queen’s University Belfast (1998 – 2007) :

  • Low Speed and High Speed Laboratory Co-ordinator (planning and following-up of £500k refurbishment, major upgrades of the instrumentation pool, design of new water channel, jet facility, thrust reverser rig, longer test sections, low noise teaching and research rigs)
  • Open Day Coordinator (1999-2000, and significant contribution in 2004)
  • Faculty Committees (Postgraduate Faculty Sub-Committee ; Common Stage 1 discussions ; International Exchange Faculty Committee)
  • ERASMUS coordinator (Poitiers, France : 2000-present ; Chalmers, Sweden : 2000-2002)
  • IAESTE contact point (2005-2007)
  • TIME (Top Industrialist Manager for Europe) coordinator for QUB (only UK institution in the network) : sustained links with Ecole Centrale Paris and Nantes ; first TIME double degree in UK - 2005 ; five french students recruited for QUB.
  • Examination Officer (2002-January 2006 - Externals : Prof. Rothwell, Prof. M. Graham, Prof. Padfield)
  • Internal Mphil and PhD Examiner (twice in 2003, once in 2005, once in 2006)
  • Summer Internship Scheme : organisation of internships for French students (5 in 2004, 11 in 2005, 8 in 2006).
  • School representative in the University Research Ethics Committee (from October 2006)
  • -* Member of the School Curriculum Review Committee (from mid-2006)

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